the late 1940s, rockets were used to study cosmic rays. It is possible that Mars is of this type. Mercury, Earth, Jupiter, Ganymede, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, for example, exhibit intrinsic magnetospheres.
For stars, this is usually the boundary between the stellar wind and interstellar medium ; for planets, the speed of the solar wind there decreases as it approaches the magnetopause. Also during 1958, Eugene Parker proposed the idea of the solar wind, with the term 'magnetosphere' being proposed by Thomas Gold in 1959 to explain how the solar wind interacted with the Earth's magnetic field. This is studied under the specialized scientific subjects of plasma physics, space physics and aeronomy. 5 Structure edit An artist's rendering of the structure of a magnetosphere: 1) Bow shock. Because both sides of this convergence contain magnetized plasma, the interactions between them are complex. Space Sciences Series of issi.
12 The magnetopause exists at a distance of several hundred kilometers above Earth's surface. Paschmann,.; Schwartz,.J.; Escoubet,.P.; Haaland,., eds. "Cluster reveals Earth's bow shock is remarkably thin". 10 Earth's magnetosphere edit See also: Earth's magnetic field Magnetosphere Artist's rendition of Earth's magnetosphere Diagram of Earth's magnetosphere Over Earth's equator, the magnetic field lines become almost horizontal, then return to reconnect at high latitudes. When rcfrpdisplaystyle R_CFapprox R_P, the planet itself and its magnetic field both contribute. It has one of these semi-shattered blinds. Farther out, field lines can be significantly distorted by the flow of electrically conducting plasma, as emitted from the Sun or a nearby star. 6 Magnetosheath edit Main article: Magnetosheath The magnetosheath is the region of the magnetosphere between the bow shock and the magnetopause. In 1958, Explorer 1, the first of the Explorer series of space missions, was launched to study the intensity of cosmic rays above the atmosphere and measure the fluctuations in this activity.
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